In 1788 a group of Europeans landed on the shore of a harbour in a land they knew nothing about; one that was as different from their homeland as it was possible to be. Apart from the store of supplies (food, livestock, tools, weapons) they brought with them, they also brought their cultural values, their Georgian notions about how to build and decorate their homes and civic buildings.
Georgian architecture was rational, mathematical and sophisticated, exhibiting a sense of balance, symmetry and exact proportion, employing simple geometric shapes, a restrained colour palette, and limited materials.
Get the Colonial lookRational, mathematical & sophisticated.
Patterns we suggest:Simple geometry & monochromatic colours
Despite the plethora of architectural styles during the reign of Queen Victoria, the two that were primarily responsible for the dramatic change in flooring were Italianate and Victorian Gothic, though as far as tessellated patterns were concerned, there was no (significant) difference made between the two styles.
All patterns employed in the earlier periods, plus all the additional patterns in the Olde English Tiles ™ range are suitable for this era. Paths were not always the same pattern as the verandah, a practice that became more common in the economic boom of the 1880’s. The use of encaustics was also more prevalent during this period.
Get the Victorian LookExpressive patterns & vivid colours
Patterns we suggest:Simple Classics through to very ornate designs
Three of the most important stylistic influences on architecture and design of the period were the Arts & Crafts Movement, Continental Art Nouveau, and the English Queen Anne style. Federation Queen Anne was the dominant architectural style in Australia between 1890-1910.
William Morris’s medieval inspired approach to design had a gradual but significant effect on tessellated floors. Whilst initially they continued to exhibit elaborate patterns, they were less likely to employ the vivid, non-natural, non-earthy colours. Likewise, multi-coloured encaustics began to disappear from floor patterns.
As with any new trend or style, not everybody responded at the same time in the same way. This was a period of profound change, with a profusion of new ideas, new styles, and new products - some of which had more traction than others.
Get the Federation lookEarthy Colours & single-coloured encaustics
Patterns we suggest:Simple to Mid complexity patterns
Art Deco celebrated the exciting, dynamic aspects of the machine age and unlike the abstract, cerebral International/Functionalist style, Art Deco made a direct appeal to the emotions by the use of vivid decorative elements which served no particular function. Decorative motifs also reflected the major artistic and archaeological discoveries of the era
There are two distinct types of Art Deco - the early European phase, with more organic shapes, and numerous ancient influences e.g. Greek, Egyptian, etc, and the later, American phase, where machinery & science are the inspiration. Shapes are more geometric, and colours are more suggestive of hard-edged modernity.
Get the Art Deco lookMosaics in classic, elegant colours
Patterns we suggest:Embrace mosaics
California Bungalow1915 - 1940
In the early years of the 20th century a distinctive brand of domestic architecture evolved in the suburbs of Los Angeles, which expressed the outdoors-oriented, relaxed lifestyle favoured by Californians, and subsequently Australians. 'Earthy' materials, such as klinker bricks, water-worn river pebbles, rough-cast, weatherboards, and timber – lots of timber, were common building materials. Roofs were low-pitched, with spreading eaves projecting out over wide verandahs and sleep-outs.
At much the same time, Australian architects were designing their own interpretation of California Bungalow. By the 1920's, speculative builders had embraced the form and it became the dominant style of suburban domestic architecture until the Great Depression put an end to all construction.